Til hovedinnhold

Studying microfibre release towards improved clothing design

Studying microfibre release towards improved clothing design

Kategori
Konferansebidrag og faglig presentasjon
Sammendrag
Clothing manufactured from synthetic fabrics such as polyester and nylon can release hundreds of thousands of microfibres to waste water systems when washed in domestic washing machines. Fleece fabrics have been of particular focus, however, fleece clothing can be made from a wide variety of different fabric constructions, which may exhibit different microfibre release characteristics. Mechanical and chemical finishing of the yarn and fabric will influence the size and volume of the microfibers released. In the current study, we assess the release of microfibres from different fleece fabrics with the aim of identifying production methods and fabric properties that release the fewest microfibres during domestic washing machines. A filter unit consisting of a 300 µm filter and a 100 µm filter in series was connected to the effluent pipe of a domestic washing machine. Each fleece test fabric (140cm x 90cm) was prepared by overlocking the edges to prevent loose fibres being released. The fabric samples were washed on a standard synthetic clothing program (1 hr, 40°C). Weights inside the washing machine assured same mass for each material assessed and a consistent water flow into the machine. Effluent water was collected in a clean container and a sub-sample (1 L) passed through a 20 µm filter to collect any microfibres that pass through the filter unit. Each test fabric was first washed to study release in new clothes, and then washed a second time to determine release related to structural shedding. To improve the accuracy of the results, the two washing procedures were repeated in triplicate. A rinse cycle was run between each test wash to ensure removal of any remaining microfibres from the system. The hoses connecting the filters contained residual microfibres after washing; these were collected after each wash by cleaning the hoses manually. The pre-weighed filters were allowed to dry before the mass of fibres was determined. The number of fibres was then estimated based on microscopy counting of a pre-weighed sub-sample of the microfibres. Preliminary results show that ~80-90% of fibres in the effluent water are trapped by the 300 µm filter. Furthermore, the fibre release declines with successive washings. A detailed study of the underlying mechanisms is currently ongoing and the results will be used as a basis for ranking.
Oppdragsgiver
  • Norges forskningsråd / 268404
Språk
Engelsk
Forfatter(e)
Institusjon(er)
  • SINTEF Industri / Materialer og nanoteknologi
  • SINTEF Ocean / Miljø og nye ressurser
Presentert på
SETAC Europe 28th Annual Meeting
Sted
Rome
Dato
12.05.2018 - 16.05.2018
Arrangør
SETAC
År
2018