Til hovedinnhold

Acute toxicity of eight oil response chemicals to temperate, boreal and Arctic species

Acute toxicity of eight oil response chemicals to temperate, boreal and Arctic species

Kategori
Tidsskriftspublikasjon
Sammendrag
The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the acute toxicity of selected shoreline washing agents (SWA) and dispersants, and (2) assess interspecies differences in sensitivity to the products. Eight shoreline washing agents (Hela saneringsvæske, Bios, Bioversal, Absorrep K212, and Corexit 9580) and chemical dispersants (Corexit 9500, Dasic NS, and Gamlen OD4000) were tested on five marine species, algae Skeletonema costatum, planktonic copepod species Acartia tonsa (temperate species), Calanus finmarchicus (boreal species) and Calanus glacialis (Arctic species), and benthic amphipod Corophium volutator. For most products, A. tonsa was the most sensitive species, whereas C. volutator was the least sensitive; however, these species were exposed through different media (water/sediment). In general, all copepod species displayed a relatively similar sensitivity to all products. However, A. tonsa was somewhat more sensitive than other copepods to most of the tested products. Thus, A. tonsa appears to be a candidate species for boreal and Arctic copepods for acute toxicity testing, and data generated on this species may be used as to provide conservative estimates. The benthic species (C. volutator) had a different sensitivity pattern relative to pelagic species, displaying higher sensitivity to solvent-based SWA than to water-based SWA. Comparing product toxicity, the dispersants were in general most toxic while the solvent-based SWA were least toxic to pelagic species.
Språk
Engelsk
Forfatter(e)
Institusjon(er)
  • SINTEF Ocean / Miljø og nye ressurser
  • Diverse norske bedrifter og organisasjoner
År
2014
Publisert i
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A
ISSN
1528-7394
Årgang
77
Hefte nr.
9-11
Side(r)
495 - 505