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Dense ceramic membranes based on ion conducting oxides

Dense ceramic membranes based on ion conducting oxides

Kategori
Vitenskapelig artikkel
Sammendrag
This chapter reviews the recent progress made in the fields of high temperature oxygen and hydrogen separation membranes. Studies of membranes for oxygen separation are mainly focusing on materials design to improve flux, and to lesser extent, related to stability issues. High oxygen fluxes satisfying industrial requirements can be obtained but, for many materials, the surface exchange rate is limiting the performance. The current status on electrolyte-type and mixed proton and electron conducting membranes is outlined, highlighting materials with improved stability in typical applications as solid oxide fuel cell technology and gas separation. In our presentation more fundamental aspects related to transport properties, chemical and mechanical stability of membrane materials are also treated. It is concluded that a significantly better understanding of the long term effects of operation in chemical gradients is needed for these types of membrane materials.
Språk
Engelsk
Institusjon(er)
  • SINTEF Industri / Materialer og nanoteknologi
År
Publisert i
Annales de Chimie - Science des Materiaux
ISSN
0151-9107
Årgang
32
Hefte nr.
2
Side(r)
197 - 212