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Microstructure driven design of porous electrodes for molten carbonate fuel cell application: Recent progress

Microstructure driven design of porous electrodes for molten carbonate fuel cell application: Recent progress

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Sammendrag
This paper presents progress in development of microstructure in MCFC electrodes. Within these studies the influence of microstructure parameters of materials, such as porosity and pore size distribution on the fuel cell power density is analyzed using pure nickel. The results indicate that the optimal range of porosity for MCFC electrodes can be related with specific surface area, which reveals maximum for volume fraction of pores being 55–60%. The porosity of the cathode should be 5–10% higher due to in situ oxidation taking place during the startup procedure. Pore size distribution, PSD, was found to be especially important in MCFC, where liquid electrolyte infiltrates electrodes by capillary action. Through the application of specific porogens, multimodal PSD can be obtained, which significantly enhances reference cell power density. Optimization of basic microstructure parameters informed the design of a new concept MCFC cathode incorporating bi-layered materials, where each layer is appointed a different role. The application of commercial nickel foam as the gas side layer of the cathode increased power density and reduced the brittleness of the element, which is of key importance from the technological point of view.
Språk
Engelsk
Forfatter(e)
  • Wejrzanowski Tomasz
  • Cwieka Karol
  • Skibinski Jakub
  • Lysik A
  • Ibrahim Samih Haj
  • Milewski Jaroslaw
  • Xing Wen
  • Lee Choong-gon
Institusjon(er)
  • Politechnika Warszawska
  • SINTEF Industri / Bærekraftig energiteknologi
  • Sør-Korea
År
2019
Publisert i
International journal of hydrogen energy
ISSN
0360-3199