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Evaluation of Virtual Inertia Control Strategies for MMC-based HVDC Terminals by P-HiL Experiments

Evaluation of Virtual Inertia Control Strategies for MMC-based HVDC Terminals by P-HiL Experiments

Kategori
Vitenskapelig Kapittel/Artikkel/Konferanseartikkel
Sammendrag
This paper presents an experimental performance
evaluation of different control strategies for providing virtual
inertia from power electronic converters. The evaluation is based
on a laboratory-scale prototype of a point-to-point HVDC
transmission system with Modular Multilevel Converters
(MMCs). Operation with a grid emulator connected to a realtime
simulator reproduces the behavior of a power system and
allows Power-Hardware-in-the-Loop (P-HiL) experiments.
Control of the inverter terminal for providing virtual inertia to
the simulated power system is evaluated with four different
control system implementations. The four cases include a
conventional control system enhanced with df/dt-based inertia
emulation functionality and three different Virtual Synchronous
Machine (VSM) implementations based on emulation of a
synchronous machine swing equation. The dynamic response in
the power flow and the frequency transients are evaluated for all
cases, and the inertial energy exchanged with the isolated power
system is assessed in comparison to a conventional power
controller without inertia emulation. The results demonstrate
that all the evaluated implementations can provide similar
inertial response when operated in a small isolated grid, while
clear differences in dynamic response and stability properties are
revealed during operation under strong grid conditions.
Oppdragsgiver
  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 268053
Språk
Engelsk
Forfatter(e)
Institusjon(er)
  • SINTEF Energi AS / Energisystemer
  • Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet
År
Forlag
IEEE conference proceedings
Bok
Proceeding 45th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society - IECON 2019
Hefte nr.
-
ISBN
978-1-7281-4878-6
Side(r)
4811 - 4818