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A tunable, microfluidic filter for clog‑free concentration and separation of complex algal cells

A tunable, microfluidic filter for clog‑free concentration and separation of complex algal cells

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Tidsskriftspublikasjon
Sammendrag
An inherent problem with microfluidic filters is the tendency to clog, especially when applied to cells due to their geometrical complexity, deformability, and tendency to adhere to surfaces. In this work, we handle live algal cells of high complexity without signs of clogging, achieved by exploiting hydrodynamic interactions around trilobite-shaped filtration units. To characterize the influence of cell complexity on the separation and concentration mechanisms, we compare the hydrodynamic interactions to those of synthetic, rigid microparticles. We discover that simple rolling along the filter structures, which prevents clogging for particles, cannot be applied to cells. Instead, we find that inertial effects must be employed to minimize the filter interactions and that this modification leads to only a minor reduction in device performance.
Oppdragsgiver
  • Norges forskningsråd / 232148
Språk
Engelsk
Forfatter(e)
Institusjon(er)
  • Stanford University
  • Trilobite Microsystems AS
  • Universitetet i Oslo
  • Universitetet i Oslo
  • SINTEF Digital / Microsystems and Nanotechnology
År
2019
Publisert i
Microfluidics and Nanofluidics
ISSN
1613-4982
Årgang
23
Hefte nr.
56