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NOX formation in oxy-fuel combustion of lignite in a bubbling fluidized bed – Modelling and experimental verification

NOX formation in oxy-fuel combustion of lignite in a bubbling fluidized bed – Modelling and experimental verification

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Tidsskriftspublikasjon
Sammendrag
This paper reports results of experimental and numerical studies of NOx formation in a 30 kWth lab-scale bubbling fluidized bed running in oxy-fuel mode. The numerical model is based on the GRI-mech 3.0 mechanism to compute the kinetics of homogeneous reactions of volatiles and char combustion products and takes into account the flue gas recirculation. The impact of the oxygen excess and of the fluidized bed temperature was examined. Both the numerical simulations and the experiments shown a significant correlation of NOX formation with the excess of oxygen, where a higher oxygen concentration enhances the fuel-bound nitrogen oxidation to NOX. It was also found that there is no correlation of the NOx formation and resulting emissions with the fluidized bed temperature in temperature range typical for bubbling fluidized bed combustors (840–960 °C), but the numerical simulations showed an increased NOX concentration when the temperature raised more (up to 1360 °C). The agreement of experimental and numerical results shows that the numerical model can provide useful insight into the mechanism of NOX formation. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
Oppdragsgiver
  • Notur/NorStore / NN9121K
  • Norges forskningsråd / CZ08
Språk
Engelsk
Forfatter(e)
Institusjon(er)
  • Ceské vysoké ucení technické v Praze
  • SINTEF Energi AS / Termisk energi
År
2018
Publisert i
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
ISSN
1750-5836
Forlag
Elsevier
Årgang
76
Side(r)
208 - 214