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Study of the oil interaction towards oil spill recovery skimmer material: Effect of the oil weathering and emulsification properties

Study of the oil interaction towards oil spill recovery skimmer material: Effect of the oil weathering and emulsification properties

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Tidsskriftspublikasjon
Sammendrag
The primary aim of this research was to identify the physicochemical properties of the oil and water-in-oil (W/O) emulsions used during a NOFO Oil-on-Water field trials that reduced the performance of the skimmers recovery efficacy during the trials. Extensive studies were performed at SINTEF laboratories with the residues of oil topped (i.e. evaporative loss of crude oil components by distillation process at large scale) for the field trial and compared it with different residues of oil topped by bench scale laboratory procedures. In order to obtain a sufficient stable W/O emulsion for the field trial, bunker fuel oil (IFO380) and various concentrations of an emulsifier (Paramul®) were also added to the residues of oil topped on large scale and investigated through interfacial tension, contact angle, droplet adhesion and “dip and withdraw” tests. The investigations revealed that the addition of an emulsifier lowered the interfacial tension of oil residues, which consequently reduced the adherence properties of the oil and emulsions to the surface of the skimmer material. Too high concentration of an emulsifier (>0,5%) also had a negative effect on the stability of W/O emulsion.
Språk
Engelsk
Forfatter(e)
Institusjon(er)
  • SINTEF Ocean / Miljø og nye ressurser
  • Norsk Oljevernforening For Operatørselskap
År
2018
Publisert i
Marine Pollution Bulletin
ISSN
0025-326X
Årgang
135
Side(r)
119 - 128