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Thermodynamic assessment of the swing adsorption reactor cluster (SARC) concept for post-combustion CO2 capture

Thermodynamic assessment of the swing adsorption reactor cluster (SARC) concept for post-combustion CO2 capture

Kategori
Tidsskriftspublikasjon
Sammendrag
This paper presents the novel swing adsorption reactor cluster (SARC) for post combustion CO2 capture. The SARC concept consists of a cluster of bubbling/turbulent multistage fluidized bed reactors which dynamically cycle a solid sorbent between carbonation and regeneration. A synergistic combination of vacuum swing through a vacuum pump and temperature swing through a heat pump is employed to ensure high process efficiency. The base case SARC configuration imposed an energy penalty of 9.64%-points on a conventional coal-fired power plant, which is in line with advanced amine-based absorption processes. Sensitivity analyses showed that significant potential for further improvements (∼1.5%-points) exist through mechanisms such as an increase in the number of reactor stages, further reductions in regeneration pressure and optimization of the cycle length. Additional efficiency improvements can also be traded for increased reactor footprint. However, future sorbent material selection studies especially for this novel process hold the largest potential for further efficiency improvements. The SARC concept is well suited to retrofitting purposes due to limited integration with the steam cycle, and the simple standalone reactor design will simplify future scale-up efforts. The concept is therefore recommended for further study.
Språk
Engelsk
Forfatter(e)
Institusjon(er)
  • SINTEF Industri / Prosessteknologi
  • Politecnico di Milano
År
2017
Publisert i
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
ISSN
1750-5836
Årgang
60
Side(r)
74 - 92