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Boosted Supercapacitive Energy with High Rate Capability of aCarbon Framework with Hierarchical Pore Structure in an Ionic Liquid

Boosted Supercapacitive Energy with High Rate Capability of aCarbon Framework with Hierarchical Pore Structure in an Ionic Liquid

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Sammendrag
The specific energy of a supercapacitor (SC) with an ionic liquid (IL)-based electrolyte is larger than that using an aqueous electrolyte owing to the wide operating voltage window provided by the IL. However, the wide-scale application of high-energy SCs using ILs is limited owing to a serious reduction of the energy with increasing power. The introduction of macropores to the porous material can mitigate the reduction in the gravimetric capacitance at high rates, but this lowers the volumetric capacitance. Synthetic polymers can be used to obtain macroporous frameworks with high apparent densities, but the preservation of the frameworks during activation is challenging. To simultaneously achieve high gravimetric capacitance, volumetric capacitance, and rate capability, a systematic strategy was used to synthesize a densely knitted carbon framework with a hierarchical pore structure by using a polymer. The energy of the SC using the hierarchically porous carbon was 160 Wh kg−1 and 85 Wh L−1 on an active material base at a power of 100 W kg−1 in an IL electrolyte, and 60 % of the energy was still retained at a power larger than 5000 W kg−1. To illustrate, a full-packaged SC with the material could store/release energy comparable to a Ni–metal hydride battery (gravimetrically) and one order of magnitude higher than a commercial carbon-based SC (volumetrically), within one minute.
Oppdragsgiver
  • Norges forskningsråd / 245963
  • Norges forskningsråd / 215522
Språk
Engelsk
Forfatter(e)
  • Wang Xuehang
  • Zhou Haitao
  • Lou Fengliu
  • Li Yahao
  • Buan Marthe Emelie Melandsø
  • Duan Xuezhi
  • Walmsley John Charles
  • Sheridan Edel
  • Chen De
Institusjon(er)
  • Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet
  • SINTEF Industri / Materialer og nanoteknologi
  • SINTEF Industri / Bærekraftig energiteknologi
År
2016
Publisert i
ChemSusChem
ISSN
1864-5631
Forlag
Wiley - VCH Verlag GmbH
Årgang
9
Hefte nr.
21
Side(r)
3093 - 3101