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Self- and collateral spouse-reported alcohol use in Malawi; exploring social drinking norms' potential for alcohol prevention

Self- and collateral spouse-reported alcohol use in Malawi; exploring social drinking norms' potential for alcohol prevention

Kategori
Tidsskriftspublikasjon
Sammendrag
Adult (18+ years old) Malawian men and women’s alcohol use and social drinking norms were examined. From 31,676 screened households, heads and spouses in 1,795 households with at least one alcohol user were interviewed. Alcohol use last 12 months was reported by 27.3% and 1.6% of all adult men and women respectively. Male and female alcohol users’ mean consumption was 8.05 liters and 1.51 liters 100% alcohol respectively. Spouses reported 55 and 61% higher consumption level for their spouses compared to self-reports. Without including non-drinkers, drinking norms explained 6.7% of men’s and 20.9% of women’s alcohol consumption. Prevention effort could be to help women not to start drinking by supporting (their existing) gender-specific descriptive drinking norms.
Oppdragsgiver
  • Norges forskningsråd / 207751
Språk
Engelsk
Forfatter(e)
Institusjon(er)
  • Universitetet i Oslo
  • SINTEF Digital / Helse
  • Høgskolen i Innlandet
  • Malawi
  • University of Malawi
År
2014
Publisert i
African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies
ISSN
1531-4065
Forlag
Center for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR)
Årgang
13
Hefte nr.
1