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Main objective:
Development of CFD aided design tools and operational guidelines for optimum grate fired BtE and WtE plant operation through:

  • Model development: improved fuel/fuel bed and gas release models, heat-exchanger deposition models and reduced kinetics models (NOx); and validation of these
  • Simulations: transient and steady state CFD simulations of BtE and WtE plants; and validation
  • Concept improvements: BtE and WtE plant case studies selection, setup, simulations and analysis, giving design and operational guidelines


  • Develop improved fuel, gas and particle sub-models to be included in the CFD simulations
  • Develop numerical tools that are tailored to study concept improvements for grate fired BtE and WtE plants, with focus on emission reduction, combustion performance, energy efficiency and availability
  • Obtain operational and retrofitting guidelines for optimum operation of grate fired BtE and WtE plants
  • Education
  • Dissemination