Annual report HighEFF 2019
Energy preservation and security is a global challenge. There is a global energy shortage, and the way we use and produce energy today is causing greenhouse gas emissions contributing to climate changes.
HighEFF will build an internationally leading Centre for strategic research within industrial energy efficiency. Supporting the EU energy targets, HighEFF will enable a 20-30 % reduction in specific energy use and 10 % in emissions.
Read more about HighEFF in the complete report at the bottom of this page.
Making Norwegian industry the world’s greenest - HighEFF’s Past, Present and Future
HighEFF is a long-term Research Centre focused on reducing energy consumption in industrial processes. Industry and academia work together in the Centre, ensuring innovations contribute to reducing emissions from industry, while also making industry more energy efficient.
“Energy efficiency is the one action that contributes to all 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. It reduces emissions, increases efficiency and provides surplus energy for other uses. The product that comes out of the processes will be produced for less input. So, more value for less input”, says Petter Røkke, HighEFF Centre Director.
"The collaborative efforts are what I see as one of the main goals”, says Arne Ulrik Bindingsbø, Chairman of the HighEFF Executive Board. The Centre collaborates with many partners, such as academia, research institutions and partners from a range of industries including the food processing industry, metals and gas, and minerals. “All these together help us to reach our goals”, he adds.
2019 by the numbers
The story of CO2 as a refrigerant
Carbon Dioxide is so often cast as the villain in climate change debates. Yet that very same substance along with other natural working fluids has the potential to cut more emissions than any other climate change mitigation technology. Now HighEFF is poised to build on years of Norwegian research and push the technology through to commercialisation in new areas.
Teaching industry an integrating approach to energy efficiency
If HighEFF is to succeed with its ambition to transform Norwegian industry over the long-term, then finding ways to effectively transfer knowledge from research into practical industrial use is essential. To kick-start that important goal of HighEFF, Scientific Leader Truls Gundersen has put together an energy eﬃciency course that he will deliver to a diverse cross-section of Norwegian industry during 2020.
Open innovations 2019
Pre-heating of anodes in production of primary aluminium
Currently, new anodes are inserted into the cell at room temperature, while spent anodes are removed and allowed to cool down. Newly inserted anodes will not produce metal before they reach an adequate temperature, consuming energy from the cell. New anodes have in this study been pre-heated using spent anode material in an industrial setting.
Increased productivity is based on literature data (Fortini et al., Light Metals 2012, pp. 595-600) achieved over a longer operating period. Achieved reduced energy consumption is based upon successful heating to 150 degrees Celcius using spent butts, while the global potential of 7.8 TWh requires heating up to 960 degrees Celsius, assuming an average energy consumption of 12 kWh/kg-Al and 65000 metric tonnes produced.
Steam-producing heat pump
We have conducted a case study targeting surplus heat upgrading for steam production in a nickel refinery plant. The objective was to perform an initial evaluation of several heat pumps concepts, with focus on energy efficiency, to form a basis for further work and discussions with vendors.
Potential savings compared to electric boiler:
Four environmentally friendly concepts were proposed, differing mainly in the refrigerant used and compressor technology applied. Potential savings in electricity demand, compared to the existing electric boiler, ranges between 50% and 75%.
The concept using water as refrigerant and blowers as compression technology showed the highest saving. The lowest savings were seen for a gas refrigeration cycle (reversed Brayton) with CO2 as refrigerant. But, this concept offers the most compact and less complex system.
HighEFF is organised in 6 Research Areas (RA). Each RA focuses on different aspekts of energy efficiency in industry. Together they work towards creating a competitive, energy efficient and environmental friendly industry for the future.
To read more about each RA, and view the 2019 results, select your desired RA below.
Our contribution to a more sustainable world
By increasing energy efficiency, value creation and competitiveness, while decreasing greenhouse gas emissions in a broad span of industrial processes across sectors, HighEFF has an impact on all 17 UN sustainable development goals (SDGs).
Still, no one organisation, research centre or person can hope to significantly impact everything. We have chosen to focus on four SDGs where we hope to achieve significant impact through our research.
Aﬀordable and Clean Energy
Reaching climate goals requires access to clean, affordable energy. Two of the sub-goals for SDG 7 are increase international collaboration on research related to clean energy and doubling the world’s energy efficiency by 2030.
Through HighEFF being a Research Centre for Environmentally Friendly Energy, having an international consortium and by reaching the GHG reduction and energy efficiency goals, HighEFF will have a significant impact on SDG 7.
Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
The SGDs are all dependent on cutting edge industrial innovation, one of the prime objectives of HighEFF. Together with industrial partners from a wide range of sectors, our research breeds new knowledge and innovation on components and processes to make industrial processes more energy efficient.
Not only is this important for mitigating climate change and more responsible use of resources. It also brings down costs which in turn increases competitiveness, making it very attractive to adapt HighEFF innovations from a business standpoint as well as sustainability standpoint.
Responsible Consumption and Production
We must use the worlds limited resources more responsibly and efficiently, this in regards to both production and consumption. Enabling 20-30% reduction in specific energy use in industrial processes means industrial actors will be able to produce the same amount with 20-30% less energy.
In a world where poverty is declining, and consumption levels are rising, energy- and resource-efficient production will be key.
The climate is changing at dramatic speeds and we need to mitigate and adapt quickly. As a Research Centre for Environment Friendly Energy (FME), the most important job of HighEFF’s research is to contribute to reaching SDG number 13.
Many of the products and processes we as a species are most dependent on are extremely energy consuming and/or produce large amounts of GHG emissions. Through HighEFF research we aim to enable at least a 10% reduction in GHG emissions from industrial processes by 2024 and enable a 20-30% reduction in specific energy use. This will have a significant impact on mitigating climate change effects from industries across the world.
HighEFFLab consists of six laboratories, with a total of 12 experimental rigs and 8 analysis instruments. They are supported by local infrastructure such as heating, cooling, power and ventilation. In addition, tools for calibration and field measurements, and computers and software for designing, modelling and simulations, are also part of this infrastructure. The HighEFFL b laboratories are:
- The Heat Exchanger Laboratory
- The Expander Tests Laboratory
- The Natural Refrigerants Laboratory
- The Dewatering Laboratory
- The Gas and Material Characterization Laboratory
Read more on HighEFFLab in the full Annual Report on the bottom of this page.
Selected HighEFF blogposts
Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers (How would it work?)
Today, heat exchanger design and possibilities are limited by current production processes. But what new potential could be realised if heat exchanger design…
Successful 2nd Conference on High Temperature Heat Pumps (HTHP)
SINTEF arranged for the second time a conference on high temperature heat pump addressing the potential and challenges of the technology under the…
HighEFF at workshop: The Future of Conducting and Publishing Research in Entrepreneurship, Innovation Management and Strategy
Coauthor: PhD Marianne Terese Steinmo, NORD University Nord University are connected to RA5 Society in HighEFF, where they contribute with research on barriers and…
Online monitoring of perfluorcarbon (PFC) emissions from aluminium industry
Perfluorocarbon (PFC) gases are extremely potent greenhouse gases (GHGs) and industrial emissions contribute to global warming. In this blog post I will describe…
Is aluminium electrolysis using inert anodes a blind alley?
The Hall-Héroult process, patented in 1886, is currently used universally for the smelting of primary aluminium. Since then, of course, many improvements have…