The project is based on scenarios to 2050 and makes quantitative analysis of the power system with particular emphasis on the needs for the transmission network. The effects on the power system from the electrification of transport and heating sector are included in the analyses. Furthermore, recommendations regarding political measures necessary for the development of the transmission network and for the electrification of the transport sector are regarded.
All scenarios are based on a significant expansion of renewable energy in the Nordic region. The new renewable energy is wind power in the Nordic countries, bioenergy in Sweden and Finland, small-scale hydropower in Norway as well as some solar power south in the region. In all scenarios, there will be a greater integration between the Nordic countries. In two of the scenarios, profitable investments in increased transmission capacity to countries outside the Nordic region will be considered.
NORSTRAT is part of the programme "Sustainable Energy System 2050" from Nordic Energy Research and lasts from 2011 to 2015.