The objective of this project is to apply partial CO2 capture to the most emitting industries to obtain more cost-effective solutions to reduce carbon emissions in steel & iron, cement, pulp & paper and metallurgical production of silicon for solar cells.
About carbon capture and storage (CCS)
A rule of thumb in carbon capture and storage (CCS) has been that the capture rate should be at 85 percent or more. Even though from a technical perspective it is relatively straight forward in many cases to achieve such high rates (for instance when applied to power generation), in other industries such high capture rates would imply excess cost. The reasons for the higher costs are often linked to the fact that in process industries, access to energy for CO2 capture is a limiting factor.
The focus of the study is on partial CO2 capture and techno–economic analyses and cost estimation. As the term implies, with partial CO2 capture the aim is not to capture as close to 100 percent of the CO2 as possible, but rather to find a technical–economic optimum of capture based on process and plant specifics. The overall aim for the project is to suggest a cost effective carbon capture strategy for future CCS systems considering utilization of waste heat and intermittent power supplya more efficient use of biomass resourcesdifferent capture technologies and optimizationchanged market conditions.
To suggest a cost effective carbon capture strategy for future CCS systems in industry, considering
- utilization of waste heat/energy
- a more efficient use of biomass resources
- different capture technologies and optimization
- Changes in market conditions
The partners in the CO2stCap are: SSAB, Global CCS Institute, IEAGHG, Elkem AS, Norcem Brevik AS, USN; Chalmers, SINTEF, Swerim AB, RISE Bioeconomy and AGA Gas AB.
The project is funded by the Norwegian CLIMIT–Demo programme via Gassnova and The Swedish Energy Agency.
- The CO2st Cap project and Overall Results (2019) - The webinar will give an overview of the final results of the CO2stCap project Read more about the webinar
- GHGT 13 - 1 Presentation and 1 posters presentation in Lausanne, Switzerland in 2016.
- GHGT 14 - 4 Presentations and 4 posters presentation in Melbourne, Australia 2018
- TCCS-9 - 2 Presentations and 3 posters at this conference in Trondheim, Norway 2017
- TCCS-10 - 3 Presentations and 3 posters at this conference in Trondheim, Norway 2019
- Negative emission conference 2018 - Presentation at this conference in Gothenburg, Sweden
- Workshop California - Presentation at this workshop in San Francisco, USA 2017
- CLIMIT SUMMIT 2019 - Presentation of the CO2stCAP project in Oslo, 2019
- IEAGHG cost workshop - Presentation of the project and cost semination method in San Francisco, USA 2019
Martinez Castilla G, Biermann M, Montañés RM, Normann F, Johnsson F. Integrating carbon capture into an industrial combined-heat-and-power plant: performance with hourly and seasonal load changes. (International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2019;82:192-203)
Biermann M, Normann F, Johnsson F, Skagestad R. Partial Carbon Capture by Absorption Cycle for Reduced Specific Capture Cost. (Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 2018;57(45):15411-2)
Sundqvist M, Biermann M, Normann F, Larsson M, Nilsson L. Evaluation of low and high level integration options for carbon capture at an integrated iron and steel mill. (International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2018;77:27-36)
Maria Sundqvist , Maximilian Biermann , Hassan Ali , Ragnhild Skagestad , Fredrik Normann , Mikael Larsson , Leif Nilsson. Cost Efficient Partial CO2 Capture at an Integrated Iron and Steel Mill. (14th Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT) Conference, 22nd - 25th October,2018, Melbourne, Australia)
Maximilian Biermann, Alberto Alamia, Fredrik Normann, Filip Johnsson. Evaluation of Steel Mills as Carbon Sinks. (International Conference on Negative CO2 Emissions, May 22-24, 2018, Göteborg, Sweden)