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Impact of wind farm wake steering control on blade root load


Yaw misalignment is known to affect blade root loads on wind turbines. Most of previous studies concentrate on yaw misalignment in the context of wake steering control, aiming at increasing the total output power of the wind farm. There, wake steering is compared with greedy control, in which yaw misalignment is considered to be 0. In reality, yaw misalignment also occurs in greedy control due to changes in wind direction arising from varying inflow conditions (e.g. turbulence). This paper aims at comparing these two sources of yaw misalignment-naturally changing wind direction versus active yaw in wake steering-in terms of blade root loads. To this end, SCADA data from a real wind farm is used to get yaw misalignment statistics in actual greedy control conditions. FAST.Farm is used to simulate three wind turbines arranged in series, to study maximum and damage-equivalent loads corresponding to in-plane and out-of-plane bending moments on the blades. The results show that compared with actual greedy control, wake steering control reduces the maximum load from the upstream wind turbine, but increases it from other wind turbines. Concerning the damage-equivalent loads from all wind turbines, the blade's in-plane moment is reduced, but the blade's out-of-plane moment is increased.


Academic chapter/article/Conference paper


  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 321954
  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 304229





  • North China Electric Power University
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Energisystemer




Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE)


12th International Conference on Renewable Power Generation -RPG 2023



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