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Data-driven modelling with coarse-grid network models


We propose to use a conventional simulator, formulated on the topology of a coarse volumetric 3D grid, as a data-driven network model that seeks to reproduce observed and predict future well responses. The conceptual difference from standard history matching is that the tunable network parameters are calibrated freely without regard to the physical interpretation of their calibrated values. The simplest version uses a minimal rectilinear mesh covering the assumed map outline and base/top surface of the reservoir. The resulting CGNet models fit immediately in any standard simulator and are very fast to evaluate because of the low cell count. We show that surprisingly accurate network models can be developed using grids with a few tens or hundreds of cells. Compared with similar interwell network models (e.g., Ren et al., 2019, 10.2118/193855-MS), a typical CGNet model has fewer computational cells but a richer connection graph and more tunable parameters. In our experience, CGNet models therefore calibrate better and are simpler to set up to reflect known fluid contacts, etc. For cases with poor vertical connection or internal fluid contacts, it is advantageous if the model has several horizontal layers in the network topology. We also show that starting with a good ballpark estimate of the reservoir volume is a precursor to a good calibration.
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Academic article


  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 280950




  • SINTEF Digital / Mathematics and Cybernetics



Published in

Computational Geosciences





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