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Heat transfer characteristics of CO2 condensation on common heat exchanger materials, method development and experimental results

Heat transfer characteristics of CO2 condensation on common heat exchanger materials, method development and experimental results

Category
Academic article
Abstract
Understanding condensation of CO2 is essential for e.g designing compact heat exchangers or processes involved in Carbon Capture and Storage. However, a consistent experimental campaign for condensation of CO2 on common materials is lacking. In this work, we present an experimental method and an associated laboratory setup for measuring the heat transfer properties of CO2 condensation on materials commonly used in heat exchangers for the liquefaction of CO2. We have investigated the heat transfer during CO2 condensation on copper, aluminum, stainless steel (316) to reveal the heat transfer dependency on surface properties. The experiments are conducted at three saturation pressures, 10, 15, and 20 bar and at substrate subcooling between 0 and 5K. The results show that the heat transfer coefficients decrease with increasing surface subcooling. It was also found that increasing the saturation pressure increases the heat transfer coefficient. The results indicate that surface roughness and surface energy affect the condensation heat transfer coefficient, and an increased roughness results in reduced heat transfer coefficients. The highest heat transfer coefficient is found for condensation on copper, for which the lowest surface roughness has been measured.
Client
  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 254813
Language
English
Author(s)
Affiliation
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Gassteknologi
Year
Published in
Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science
ISSN
0894-1777
Volume
129