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Rotor‐integrated modeling of wind turbine aerodynamics

Abstract

A novel approach for the modeling of rotor-integrated aerodynamic loads is suggested to answer the need for a comprehensive, insightful, and analytical actuator disc model. All the six degrees of freedom (including tangential components) are considered. It is shown that loads may be written as a quadratic form of a reduced six-component velocity vector at the hub. The individual contributions of lift and drag, azimuthal variations, as well as blade pitching and tip losses are isolated. Errors introduced by the necessary approximations are discussed, and parametric corrections are considered. Parameter identification methods are then suggested, and the performance of the resulting calibrated analytical models is assessed. Results show that the new modeling approach is able to accurately model both the mean values of the thrust and power coefficients and their derivatives with respect to tip-speed ratio and pitch angle across the full range of operating wind speeds. Furthermore, it is able to reconstruct the general rotor behavior with a minimal amount of information available. Tangential components are also well modeled, although they require the knowledge of airfoil properties. The model's architecture leaves room for extensions to dynam

Category

Academic article

Client

  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 254845
  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 268044

Language

English

Affiliation

  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Energisystemer

Year

2021

Published in

Wind Energy

ISSN

1095-4244

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