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Novel CO2 capture membranes based on polymerized ionic liquids and polymeric porous supports


Highly CO2 selective membranes and innovative process designs for CO2 capture can compete with
absorption due to relatively low energy consumption and small foot print. In this paper, novel
materials poly(ionic liquids) (PILs) are combined with membrane separation for CO2 capture.
Poly(ionic liquid)s are solid polymers derived from ionic liquids (ILs) that share many of their
physical and chemical properties. For a variety of ILs and PILs, the CO2 sorption is significantly
higher than either CH4 or N2 due to Lewis acid-base interactions between the CO2 and
nitrogen-containing groups [1].

Our research is focused on developing composite thin film membranes (TFC) of PILs on porous
polymeric supports and characterization of these. The membranes are produced and tested by SINTEF,
Norway, using the PILs developed by IK4-CIDETEC, Spain, and Solvionic, France. Various families of
PILs were synthesized: poly(diallyldimethylammonium) with a hydrophilic acetate anion,
poly(vinylbenzylchloride) derived PILs having lithium bis (trifluoromethanesulfonyl) imide as anion
or formulations containing a PIL, an ionic liquid and Zn+2 additives.

Commercially available porous supports such as polysulfone (PSf) and fluoro polymers with different
porosities and pore sizes are screened in the membrane fabrication. A novel coating procedure
utilizing automated ultrasonic spray coating equipment is optimized for each pair of dense, CO2
selective layer (PIL) – porous polymeric support material by using different solvents, viscosities
of solution and drying protocols. We obtained defect free coatings of 0.4 to 10 micron thickness.
Variations in thickness were observed due to pore penetration.

The prepared membranes are characterized by contact angle measurements, scanning electron
microscopy (SEM) and mixed gas permeation (synthetic flue gas: 15% CO2 in N2-water vapors) using a
state of the art gas permeation rig designed and constructed at SINTEF.

The effect of gas relative humidity, feed pressure and operating temperature on membrane separation
performances is investigated and will be reported.
The gas permeation results indicate that the choice of support has significant influence on the CO2
permeance/permeability, while the selectivity remained unchanged. The selectivity is hence, mainly
controlled by the properties of CO2 selective PILs top layer and not by the supports.


Academic lecture


  • EC/FP7 / 608535




  • Marius Sandru
  • Paul Inge Dahl
  • Edel Maria Sheridan
  • Lars Erik Parnas
  • Sandrine Lois
  • Itxaso Azcune
  • Sebastien Fantini
  • Ibon Odriozola
  • German Cabanero


  • SINTEF Industry / Biotechnology and Nanomedicine
  • SINTEF Industry / Sustainable Energy Technology
  • Unknown

Presented at

Advanced Membrane Technology VII


Cork, Ireland


11.09.2016 - 16.09.2016





View this publication at Cristin