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Ammonia fuel bunkering network for marine sector

The ambition is to develop a network of terminals facilitating use of green ammonia as fuel in ships. A transition to ammonia worldwide has the potential to reduce emissions from the shipping industry by one billion tonnes of CO2 per year. The first bunkering terminal will be ready in 2023.

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Ammonia has potential as a zero-emission fuel and can make it possible to realize a significant decarbonisation of the shipping industry. Green Platform finances the project "Ammonia fuel bunkering network", which consists of an industry and a competence part.

The industry part

The industrial part of the project is led by Azane Fuel Solutions, which is a collaboration between ECONNECT Energy and Amon Maritime. The aim is to develop and demonstrate a flexible and secure network of terminals for ammonia bunkering for use in ships. Azane Fuel Solutions will develop, build, test, and operate the first terminal for receiving and delivering green ammonia in a Norwegian port.

A full value chain will be developed by assessing locations, market potentials, and optimal distribution. Emphasis is placed on safety in the distribution and storage of ammonia. This is achieved by conducting thorough risk analysis, as well as contributions to the further development of regulations and procedures for safe ammonia management.

The theoretical assessments will result in the choice of a physical pilot plant for bunkering of ammonia, which will be ready in 2023.

MaritimeNH3: Competence development 

The competence development part is led by SINTEF. The goal is to develop and disseminate knowledge that will contribute to solving technical challenges and safety issues in the value chain for ammonia as a fuel in ships. This includes the design and use of ammonia-powered engines and fuel cells.

Laboratory experiments and modelling will be used to improve the life of fuel cells and the efficiency of engine combustion. New models will be developed for simulation of ammonia dispersion, which will make it possible to improve the safety measures for bunker terminals with ammonia.

Methods for techno-economic analysis and greenhouse gas assessments of the entire value chain for ammonia will also be developed. This will support decision makers in the coming green transition.

All results will be made publicly available for the fastest possible realization of ammonia as a maritime fuel.

Project Partners

The project is financed through the governments Green Platform Initiative.


Key Factors

Project duration

2021 - 2024