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Cascading Norwegian co-streams for bioeconomic transition

Cascading Norwegian co-streams for bioeconomic transition

Category
Journal publication
Abstract
A circular bioeconomy has become a global aspiration for governments in Europe and around the globe. This article pursues research questions concerning concrete innovations aiming to create bioeconomic transition options in Norway and presents results from a transdisciplinary investigation of Norwegian food industry cases involving processing of fish, meat, fruit, and vegetable co-streams aiming to capture or even increase use and value of residues from processing. It shows that while objectives of avoiding food losses and transforming co-streams to new products of higher value characterizes the poultry industry case and part of the ‘blue’ sector, challenges remain particularly in the ‘whitefish’ area where - also at the global level - a high share of fish resources ends as rest raw materials, i.e. not fully utilised. The investigation targeted strategic cases of innovations enabling alternative uses of co-streams: automation and scanning technologies for fractioning raw materials and co-streams into different qualities, a collection system for fish rest raw materials at sea, enzymatic hydrolysis, use of second grade vegetables for smoothies and potato peels for biodegradable plastics in the vegetable (potato) processing industries. The article shows how these innovations enable cascading and valorisation of co-streams and why an upcycling potential exists as well. Its main contribution is in demonstrating feasibility of transdisciplinary research and innovative options for bioeconomic transition towards sustainability.
Client
  • Nofima AS / 10504
  • Norges forskningsråd / 225349
Language
English
Author(s)
Affiliation
  • University of Copenhagen
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • SINTEF Ocean / Prosessteknologi
  • Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences
  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
  • Nofima, The Norwegian Institute of Food, Fisheries and Aquaculture Research
  • Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research
Year
2017
Published in
Journal of Cleaner Production
ISSN
0959-6526
Publisher
Elsevier Science
Volume
172
Page(s)
3864 - 3873