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Self- and collateral spouse-reported alcohol use in Malawi; exploring social drinking norms' potential for alcohol prevention

Self- and collateral spouse-reported alcohol use in Malawi; exploring social drinking norms' potential for alcohol prevention

Category
Journal publication
Abstract
Adult (18+ years old) Malawian men and women’s alcohol use and social drinking norms were examined. From 31,676 screened households, heads and spouses in 1,795 households with at least one alcohol user were interviewed. Alcohol use last 12 months was reported by 27.3% and 1.6% of all adult men and women respectively. Male and female alcohol users’ mean consumption was 8.05 liters and 1.51 liters 100% alcohol respectively. Spouses reported 55 and 61% higher consumption level for their spouses compared to self-reports. Without including non-drinkers, drinking norms explained 6.7% of men’s and 20.9% of women’s alcohol consumption. Prevention effort could be to help women not to start drinking by supporting (their existing) gender-specific descriptive drinking norms.
Client
  • Norges forskningsråd / 207751
Language
English
Author(s)
Affiliation
  • University of Oslo
  • SINTEF Digital / Health Research
  • Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences
  • Malawi
  • University of Malawi
Year
2014
Published in
African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies
ISSN
1531-4065
Publisher
Center for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR)
Volume
13
Issue
1