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Oil spill response capabilities and technologies for ice-covered Arctic marine waters: A review of recent developments and established practices

Oil spill response capabilities and technologies for ice-covered Arctic marine waters: A review of recent developments and established practices

Category
Academic article
Abstract
Renewed political and commercial interest in the resources of the Arctic, the reduction in the extent and thickness of sea ice, and the recent failings that led to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, have prompted industry and its regulatory agencies, governments, local communities and NGOs to look at all aspects of Arctic oil spill countermeasures with fresh eyes. This paper provides an overview of present oil spill response capabilities and technologies for ice-covered waters, as well as under potential future conditions driven by a changing climate. Though not an exhaustive review, we provide the key research results for oil spill response from knowledge accumulated over many decades, including significant review papers that have been prepared as well as results from recent laboratory tests, field programmes and modelling work. The three main areas covered by the review are as follows: oil weathering and modelling; oil detection and monitoring; and oil spill response techniques.
Client
  • EC/FP7 / 265863 (ACCESS)
  • EC/FP7 / 265863
Language
English
Author(s)
Affiliation
  • British Antarctic Survey
  • SINTEF Ocean / Miljø og nye ressurser
  • Hamburg Ship Model Basin
  • Norwegian Meteorological Institute (MET Norway)
  • United Kingdom
  • Diverse norske bedrifter og organisasjoner
  • University of Cambridge
Year
2017
Published in
Ambio
ISSN
0044-7447
Publisher
Springer
Volume
46
Page(s)
423 - 441