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The effect of peat ash addition to demolition wood on the formation of alkali, lead and zinc compounds at staged combustion conditions


Combustion experiments were performed in a multi-fuel reactor with continuous feed of pellets by applying staged air combustion. Total characterization of the elemental composition of the fuel, the bottom ash and some particle size stages of fly ash was performed. This was done in order to follow the fate of some of the problematic compounds in demolition wood as a function of peat-ash addition and other combustion related parameters. A method was developed to estimate the composition and speciation of the salt part of aerosols based on SEM/EDX analysis. The results show that the concentrations of zinc and lead account for 40–50% of the salts produced for the small particles (0.093 μm) and up to 90% for the larger particles (1.59 μm). A considerable part of these metals are chemically bound to chlorides and sulfates together with potassium and sodium indicating extensive volatilization of zinc and lead. The experiments show that the reactions of potassium, zinc and lead are the most affected. This gives rise to higher concentrations of zinc and lead in the aerosols. The chloride content in the aerosols decreases with increased peat ash addition. This will have an inhibiting effect on corrosion, but the higher Zn and especially Pb concentrations will lead to a lower first melting point of the aerosol particles. This may promote deposition and cause corrosion. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Academic article


  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 193817





  • SINTEF Energy Research / Termisk energi
  • University of Belgrade
  • SINTEF Energy Research



Published in

Fuel processing technology






20 - 27

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