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MTAD: Multi-Objective Transformer Network for Unsupervised Multi-Sensor Anomaly Detection


Multi-sensor anomaly detection plays a crucial role in several applications, including industrial monitoring, network intrusion detection, and healthcare monitoring. However, the task poses significant challenges due to the presence of massive unlabeled data, the difficulty of identifying normal patterns in the spatio-temporal data, and the inherent complexity of defining an anomaly. Moreover, noisy sensor measurements could potentially result in models erroneously detecting noise as an anomaly, and the existence of different types of anomalies adds to the complexity. Existing multi-sensor anomaly detection methods are mostly designed for labeled datasets and often disregard crucial factors such as spatio-temporal dependencies, noise presence in training data, and the existence of multiple types of anomalies; thus, their applicability is limited. In this paper, we propose a novel framework called multi-objective transformer networks for anomaly detection (MTAD) that leverages the power of transformer architectures and optimal truncated singular value decomposition (OT-SVD) for robust unsupervised multi-sensor anomaly detection. MTAD comprises a multi-head transformer encoder for effective time series representation learning, a convolutional decoder for reconstruction, and a memory network for predictive analysis. The model processes denoised (via OT-SVD) input through the network and computes both reconstruction and prediction losses. MTAD jointly optimizes the modules in an end-to-end mechanism to minimize the combined weighted loss. We compare MTAD with other state-of-the-art methods using several metrics and demonstrate that our approach outperforms existing solutions. Furthermore, we conducted an ablation to demonstrate the contribution of each module to the overall performance.


Academic article


  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 318899





  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Gassteknologi



Published in

IEEE Sensors Journal




IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)

View this publication at Cristin