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A novel framework for assessing the smartness and the smart readiness level in highly electrified non-residential buildings: A Norwegian case study


This work presents a new operational framework to measure the smartness and smart readiness of highly electrified buildings. The framework seeks to enhance legacy systems and controls of existing buildings and establish minimum criteria for future constructions to ensure they interact effectively with users and the grid, aiming for a clean energy transition. To this end, we develop two modified complementary assessments, one based on the method indicated by the Smart Readiness Indicator (SRI), proposed by the European Union (EU), and the other following the Smart by Powerhouse scheme, introduced by a Norwegian consortium of stakeholders focused on developing future proof climate buildings. The proposed structure is implemented in ten non-residential buildings in Norway with different energy systems, typologies, and construction dates. The results of this study demonstrate that energy flexibility quantification plays a crucial role in correctly implementing the framework in highly electrified buildings. Therefore, the dynamic impact of having Electric Vehicle Charging (EVC) and other electrical-dependent loads must be considered in the assessment. With the proposed modifications, the EVC weight in the flexibility score now varies from 24.0 to 43.6%, up from the original 5%. Overall, the pilot buildings have a smart readiness level between 21.6% and 31.7%, with mostly automated smartness levels. Nevertheless, the study also emphasizes the need to differentiate current HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) technologies and their efficiencies.


Academic article


  • EC/H2020 / 101033683





  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • SINTEF Community / Architectural Engineering
  • Politecnico di Milano University



Published in

Energy and Buildings





View this publication at Cristin