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Comparison of two different types of reduced graph-based reservoir models: Interwell networks (GPSNet) versus aggregated coarse-grid networks (CGNet)

Abstract

Computerized solutions for field management optimization often require reduced-order models to be computationally tractable. The purpose of this paper is to compare two different graph-based approaches for building such models. The first approach represents the reservoir as a graph of 1D numerical flow models that each connects an injector to a producer. One thus builds a network in which the topology is primarily determined by “well nodes” to which “non-well nodes” can be connected if need be. The second approach aims at building richer models so that the connectivity graph mimics the intercell connections in a conventional, coarse 3D grid model. One thus builds a network with topology defined by a mesh-like placement of “non-well nodes”, to which wells can be subsequently connected. The two approaches thus can be seen as graph-based analogues of traditional streamline and finite-volume simulation models. Both model types can be trained to match well responses obtained from underlying fine-scale simulations using standard misfit minimization methods; herein we rely on adjoint-based gradient optimization. Our comparisons show that graph models having a connectivity graph that mimics the intercell connectivity in coarse 3D models can represent a wider range of fluid connections and are generally more robust and easier to train than graph models built upon 1D subgridded interwell connections between injectors and producers only.

Category

Academic article

Client

  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 280950
  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 308817

Language

English

Affiliation

  • SINTEF Digital / Mathematics and Cybernetics

Year

2022

Published in

Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering

ISSN

0920-4105

Publisher

Elsevier

Volume

221

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