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Thermogravimetric and kinetic study of thermal degradation of various types of municipal solid waste (MSW) under N2, CO2 and oxy-fuel conditions

Abstract

Oxy-fuel combustion is one carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technique that uses both O2 and recirculated flue gas as an oxidiser. As a result, the produced gas is composed mainly of CO2 and H2O, which makes its sequestration more cost-effective. Changing the atmosphere from N2 to CO2 affects combustion behaviour. To study the impact of the atmosphere on the combustion process, the thermal degradation of representative types of municipal solid waste (MSW) under N2, CO2, and O2/CO2 atmospheres was analysed using a thermogravimetric (TG) instrument. Nonisothermal degradation experiments were conducted, and three heating rates were examined. Isoconversional methods were employed to determine kinetic data. Comparing N2 and CO2 atmospheres, it was found that below 600 °C, the shape of TG curves was not affected significantly. However, above 600 °C under CO2 atmosphere, a second peak appeared, which indicated gasification reactions of the char with carbon dioxide. In the presence of oxygen, the second peak was shifted to lower temperatures, indicating that thermal decomposition with O2 was more rapid. The reported kinetic parameters provide fundamental information on the conversion of solid waste. Thus, they are essential for designing chambers dedicated to the oxy-combustion of waste. © 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Category

Academic article

Client

  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 305062
  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 281869

Language

English

Author(s)

Affiliation

  • Silesian University of Technology
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Termisk energi

Year

2022

Published in

Energy

ISSN

0360-5442

Publisher

Pergamon Press

Volume

248

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