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Sensemaking in Safety Critical and Complex Situations: Human Factors and Design


Human factors-based design that supports the strengths and weaknesses of humans are often missed during the concept and design of complex technical systems. With the focus on digitalization and automation, the human actor is often left out of the loop but needs to step in during safety-critical situations. This book describes how human factors and sensemaking can be used as part of the concept and design of safety critical systems in order to improve safety and resilience.

This book discusses the challenges of automation and automated systems when humans are left out of the loop and then need to intervene when the situation calls for it. It covers human control and accepts that humans must handle the unexpected and describes methods to support this. It is based on recent accident analysis involving autonomous systems that move our understanding forward and supports a more modern view on human errors to improve safety in industries such as shipping and marine.

The book is for human factors and ergonomists, safety engineers, designers involved in safety critical work and students.


Academic anthology/Conference proceedings





  • SINTEF Digital / Software Engineering, Safety and Security
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology




CRC Press



View this publication at Cristin