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Optimisation model with degradation for a battery energy storage system at an EV fast charging station

Abstract

The electrification of the energy sector challenges the conventional methods to meet the increased load demand. The rapid increase of electric vehicles and the desire for shorter charging time at fast charging stations (FCS) contributes to higher power peaks in local distribution grids. This may lead to capacity issues, where a battery storage can be considered as an alternative to reinforcing the grid. This paper proposes a novel optimisation model including degradation that minimises operational costs for an actual FCS in Norway with a battery system. A case study is performed, where installing a battery system is compared to traditional grid reinforcement. The result of the case study shows that the total cost was 0.9 million NOK 1 higher for installing a BESS than reinforcing the grid, which corresponds to 44 % of the battery investment cost. Sensitivity analyses are done on time step, grid tariffs and degradation. The sensitivity analysis on degradation shows that calendar aging dominates battery degradation.

Category

Academic chapter/article/Conference paper

Client

  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 257626
  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 295133
  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 269420

Language

English

Author(s)

Affiliation

  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Energisystemer

Year

2021

Publisher

IEEE

Book

2021 IEEE Madrid PowerTech

ISBN

978-1-6654-3597-0

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