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Efficient Production of Clean Power and Hydrogen Through Synergistic Integration of Chemical Looping Combustion and Reforming

Efficient Production of Clean Power and Hydrogen Through Synergistic Integration of Chemical Looping Combustion and Reforming

Category
Academic article
Abstract
Chemical looping combustion (CLC) technology generates power while capturing CO2 inherently with no direct energy penalty. However, previous studies have shown significant energy penalties due to low turbine inlet temperature (TIT) relative to a standard natural gas combined cycle plant. The low TIT is limited by the oxygen carrier material used in the CLC process. Therefore, in the current study, an additional combustor is included downstream of the CLC air reactor to raise the TIT. The efficient production of clean hydrogen for firing the added combustor is key to the success of this strategy. Therefore, the highly efficient membrane-assisted chemical looping reforming (MA-CLR) technology was selected. Five different integrations between CLC and MA-CLR were investigated, capitalizing on the steam in the CLC fuel reactor outlet stream to achieve highly efficient reforming in MA-CLR. This integration reduced the energy penalty as low as 3.6%-points for power production only (case 2) and 1.9%-points for power and hydrogen co-production (case 4)—a large improvement over the 8%-point energy penalty typically imposed by post-combustion CO2 capture or CLC without added firing
Client
  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 255462
Language
English
Author(s)
Affiliation
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • VITO - Flemish Institute for Technological Research NV
  • SINTEF Industry / Process Technology
Year
Published in
Energies
ISSN
1996-1073
Publisher
MDPI
Volume
13
Issue
13
Page(s)
1 - 19