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Energy efficient multiejector CO2 cooling system for high ambient temperature

Abstract

Experimental evaluation of a multiejector CO2 cooling system of 33 kW cooling capacity is conducted for an Indian supermarket at high ambient temperature context. The test-rig is designed to depict the actual supermarket cooling requirements in India with three different cooling temperature levels simultaneously; freezing, medium refrigeration and air-conditioning. The rig is equipped with a novel design consisting of two multiejectors; low ejection ratio ejector (LERE) and high ejection ratio ejector (HERE), in a series configuration. It is observed that the maximum pressure lift of 5.5 bar is obtained with this new design. Moreover, improvement in the overall system performance with the support of the internal heat exchanger (IHX) is evaluated. Enhancements observed in the maximum COP and PIR are 7.2% and 6.2% respectively. Furthermore, the test-rig performance with the flooding and non-flooding of the medium temperature evaporator (refrigeration) is evaluated. It is observed that the evaporator flooding reduces its superheat at the exit by 83.84%, leading to the overall reduction of PIR by 6.51%. The performance of the proposed system is also compared with the reported field data obtained at a low ambient temperature context. The results projected that the proposed cooling system with series multiejector configuration is a reliable choice for higher ambient temperatures and it is expected to outperform the existing systems at lower ambient temperatures.

Category

Academic article

Client

  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 257632
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs / INDEE

Language

English

Author(s)

Affiliation

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Gassteknologi

Year

2020

Published in

Thermal Science and Engineering Progress

ISSN

2451-9049

Publisher

Elsevier

Volume

19

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