distribution of the arc burning inside polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) tube at
very high filling pressures of nitrogen. The arc peak current of 85 A at a frequency
of 190 Hz with a fixed initial rate of rise of recovery voltage (IRRRV) of
approximately 50 V/μs is used throughout the study. Arc burning at three different
filling pressures are studied: 1 bar, 20 bar, and 40 bar. To examine the axial
voltage distribution in the arc, the arc voltage at three different axial position of
the arc is independently measured. For some cases, a 3 cubic centimeter heating
volume is attached to the ring electrode, which produces a back flow. For the
cases with a heating volume, the pressure rise in the heating volume is also measured.
It is observed that the pressure rise in the heating volume increases with the
filling pressure. In the presence of the heating volume at a high filling pressure
(i.e., 20 bar, 40 bar), the voltage drop increases significantly near the vent due to
the relatively cold gas flow.