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Electromagnetic navigation versus fluoroscopy in aortic endovascular procedures: a phantom study

Electromagnetic navigation versus fluoroscopy in aortic endovascular procedures: a phantom study

Category
Academic article
Abstract
Purpose

To explore the possible benefits of electromagnetic (EM) navigation versus conventional fluoroscopy during abdominal aortic endovascular procedures.


Methods

The study was performed on a phantom representing the abdominal aorta. Intraoperative cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) of the phantom was acquired and merged with a preoperative multidetector CT (MDCT). The CBCT was performed with a reference plate fixed to the phantom that, after merging the CBCT with the MDCT, facilitated registration of the MDCT volume with the EM space. An EM field generator was stationed near the phantom. Navigation software was used to display EM-tracked instruments within the 3D image volume. Fluoroscopy was performed using a C-arm system. Five operators performed a series of renal artery cannulations using modified instruments, alternatingly using fluoroscopy or EM navigation as the sole guidance method. Cannulation durations and associated radiation dosages were noted along with the number of cannulations complicated by loss of guidewire insertion.


Results

A total of 120 cannulations were performed. The median cannulation durations were 41.5 and 34.5 s for the fluoroscopy- and EM-guided cannulations, respectively. No significant difference in cannulation duration was found between the two modalities (p = 0.736). Only EM navigation showed a significant reduction in cannulation duration in the latter half of its cannulation series compared with the first half (p = 0.004). The median dose area product for fluoroscopy was 0.0836 Gy cm 2
Gy cm2
. EM-guided cannulations required a one-time CBCT dosage of 3.0278 Gy cm 2
Gy cm2
. Three EM-guided and zero fluoroscopy-guided cannulations experienced loss of guidewire insertion.


Conclusion

Our findings indicate that EM navigation is not inferior to fluoroscopy in terms of the ability to guide endovascular interventions. Its utilization may be of particular interest in complex interventions where adequate visualization or minimal use of contrast agents is critical. In vivo studies featuring an optimized implementation of EM navigation should be conducted.
Language
English
Author(s)
Affiliation
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital
  • SINTEF Digital / Health Research
Year
Published in
International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
ISSN
1861-6410
Publisher
Springer
Volume
12
Issue
1
Page(s)
51 - 57