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Pursuing the pre-combustion route in oil refineries -The impact on fired heaters


Industrial fired heaters and boilers are process units that use hot gases and radiation from combustion to provide heat for crude oil, processing fluids, steam, etc. In oil refineries, the fuel feed is either low quality heavy oil or refinery gas, both which are by-products from the refinery. Fired heaters in oil refineries typically contribute to over 65% of the CO2 emissions in these plants, and it is expected that the incentives for reducing these emissions will increase in the coming years. The “pre-combustion” route for carbon capture and storage (CCS) from refineries implies retrofitting existing gas- or oil fired heaters with burners capable of operating with a high H2-content gas. As a first approach towards a retrofit solution for refinery heaters, the present work focus on the radiant section of a typical fired heater configuration by investigating the effect of substituting refinery gas in a typical burner configuration with a hydrogen rich gas. A Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model is setup as a three-dimensional typical fired heater geometry. The CFD results are used to evaluate the effect of replacing refinery fuel gas with hydrogen, i.e., the heat distribution in the firedheater, the radiative heat load on the tubes including possible flame impingement, the amount of heat transported to the convection section of the heater and the formation of NOx.


Academic lecture





  • SINTEF Energy Research / Termisk energi
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Gassteknologi

Presented at

Trondheim CCS Conference, TCCS-6




14.06.2011 - 16.06.2011


BIGCCS - International CCS Research Centre, SINTEF, NTNU



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