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ANITA: FTIR Air Monitoring on the International Space Station. Part 2: Operation and Results

Abstract

Ensuring crew health and safety is a prime concern in spacecraft and other closed manned habitats. Therefore ESA (European Space Agency) has a long term research and development programme where SINTEF is developing advanced air quality monitoring technology in co-operation with Kayser-Threde GmbH. The key technologies applied are FTIR (Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectroscopy) and PLS (Partial Least Squares), a family of multivariate statistical methods applied for calibration.The air quality monitoring system ANITA (Analysing Interferometer for Ambient Air) has been constructed for early detection of toxic, harmful or unpleasant gases. The system applies off-the-shelf or modified FTIR hardware and specially developed analysis software. The software includes novel compensation methods for hardware insufficiencies, allowing simultaneous moni¬toring of over 30 possible air contaminants in the presence of water vapour, carbon dioxide, and methane. In a blind sample test campaign for NASA, the system was ranked first with substantial distance to the competitors.ANITA was successfully launched on the Space Shuttle STS 118 in August 2007. After installation in the US lab Destiny on the ISS (International Space Station) in September, the system was monitoring the trace gas dynamics in the ISS cabin air until August 2008. The system represents a versatile air quality monitor, allowing for the first time the detection and monitoring of trace gas dynamics, with high time resolution, in a spacecraft atmosphere. Other possible application areas for such systems and techniques include monitoring of indoor air and industrial processes. This presentation is the second out of two parts. The first part addresses the preparations for ANITA’s operation from calibration to installation on the ISS. This second part describes the operation of ANITA and some measurement results from the ISS air.  Immediately after the system start-up on the ISS, ANITA gave outlier warnings, indicating a me

Category

Academic lecture

Language

English

Author(s)

Affiliation

  • SINTEF Digital / Smart Sensor Systems

Presented at

Northern Optics

Place

Vilnius, Latvia

Date

26.08.2009 - 28.08.2009

Year

2009

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