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Adsorption of phenanthrene to carbon nanotubes: Influence on PAH bioavailability and ecotoxicity

Adsorption of phenanthrene to carbon nanotubes: Influence on PAH bioavailability and ecotoxicity

Category
Poster
Abstract
In the present study, the influence of phenanthrene adsorption to aqueous dispersions of 5 different CNTs containing dissolved natural organic matter (NOM) was investigated on the bioavailability and subsequent ecotoxicity of dissolved phenanthrene to standard freshwater test species. The study employed the microalga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata and the cladoceran water flea Daphnia magna which represent two different trophic levels. In addition, the direct ecotoxicity of the CNT suite was investigated with both species at environmentally realistic dispersion concentrations.

A significant change in phenanthrene toxicity to P. subcapitata was only seen in the presence of one type of CNT (SWCNT) when considering total phenanthrene concentration in the system. However, based on the measured concentrations of phenanthrene in the water phase, an increase in toxicity in the presence of CNTs was observed relative to phenanthrene only. This indicates that not only the phenanthrene remaining in the water, but also the phenanthrene adsorbed to CNTs, is available to the algae. In the case of D. magna, adsorption to CNTs reduces overall bioavailability of phenanthrene for some CNT types. However, a significant proportion of adsorbed phenanthrene remains bioavailable. Microscopy images show significant ingestion of CNTs by D. magna, which may offer an alternative route for phenanthrene uptake and toxicity.
Client
  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 209685
Language
English
Author(s)
Affiliation
  • SINTEF Ocean / Miljø og nye ressurser
  • Unknown
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Presented at
European Materials Reseach Society (E-MRS) Fall 2015 Conference
Place
Warsaw
Date
15.09.2015 - 18.09.2015
Organizer
European Materials Reseach Society
Year