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Recrystallization behaviour of AA6063 extrusions

Abstract

Cylindrical profiles of an AA6063 aluminium alloy were produced in a lab-scale direct extrusion set-up. The extrusion was performed at 300 °C, 450 °C and 550 °C, respectively, with the same ram speed. Immediate water quenching was applied to the profiles and the end of billet (butt-end) after extrusion. Microstructure and texture of the material in different states were measured by electron back-scattered diffraction. Only the profile extruded at 300 °C, was found in the deformed state after extrusion, featuring a fibrous grain structure and a strong <111> and weak <100> double fibre texture. Post-extrusion annealing of this profile at 450 °C resulted in an almost fully recrystallized structure (recrystallized fraction of 87%) and with a texture similar to that of the as-deformed state. The profile extruded at 450 °C was almost fully recrystallized (recrystallization fraction 91%) already after quenching, and with a texture characterized by a weak <111> and strong <100> double fibre. The profile extruded at 550 °C showed a partially recrystallized grain structure with recrystallization fraction of 71%, and with a texture dominated by a <100> fibre. The influence of the deformation conditions on the recrystallization behaviour, in terms of recrystallization kinetics and mechanisms, are discussed in view of these results.

Category

Academic article

Language

English

Author(s)

  • Kai Zhang
  • Tanja Pettersen
  • Christian Oen Paulsen
  • Knut Marthinsen
  • Bjørn Holmedal
  • A Segatori

Affiliation

  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • SINTEF Industry / Metal Production and Processing
  • Sweden

Year

2015

Published in

IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering

ISSN

1757-8981

Volume

89

Issue

1

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