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Application range of the HEM approach for CO2 expansion inside two-phase ejectors for supermarket refrigeration systems

Abstract

In this study, the accuracy of the homogeneous equilibrium (HEM) applied to 3-D CFD-based simulations of CO2 expansion inside two-phase ejectors is presented. The HEM approach previously reported in the literature were assessed by comparing the computed and measured mass flow rates that pass through an ejector motive nozzle. In addition, the HEM approach implemented using CFD was tested over a vast range of ejector operating regimes. To ensure that all of the computations were performed consistently, a validated CFD model combined within an in-house developed script was used. The comparison of the experimental and computational results showed that the HEM accuracy varied for the different sets of operating parameters. Accurate results were obtained for operating regimes near or above the CO2 critical point. The model accuracy decreased with the decreasing temperature and decreasing distance to the saturation line.

Category

Academic article

Client

  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 196445
  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 244009

Language

English

Author(s)

  • Michal Palacz
  • Jacek Smolka
  • Adam Fic
  • Zbigniew Bulinski
  • Andrzej J. Nowak
  • Krzysztof Banasiak
  • Armin Hafner

Affiliation

  • Silesian University of Technology
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Termisk energi

Year

2015

Published in

International journal of refrigeration

ISSN

0140-7007

Publisher

Elsevier

Volume

59

Page(s)

251 - 258

View this publication at Cristin