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Quantifying Size Selection of Cod (Gadus morhua) in Square Mesh Codends for Demersal Seining: a Simulation-based Approach


Demersal seining is an important fishing method to harvest cod (Gadus morhua) in Norwegian fisheries. Knowledge about size selectivity of cod in this type of fishing gear is therefore of importance for managing the exploitation of cod resources. However, limited data exist on the size selection of cod in the square mesh codends mostly applied in this fishery. The purpose of the project "Danish Seine: Computer based Development and Operation" (MAROFF-2 project no. 225193 / FHF 900861), funded by Research Council of Norway (RCN) and Norwegian Seafood Research Fund (FHF), is to develop and apply software tools to investigate Demersal Seine fishing. One important aspect of this is related to simulate the size selectivity inside the Seine codend. By using knowledge of fish morphology and the computer-based simulation method FISHSELECT, we investigated the potential for size selection of cod in square mesh codends for demersal seining. We were able to explain and understand existing experimental selectivity results and predict the effect of design changes in the codend. The results showed that the currently applied codend designs are adequate to ensure low catches of cod below the minimum size for this fishery, but they also indicated that a considerable part of the size selection may occur through slack meshes. Thus, it is likely that part of the codend mesh selection may occur when the gear is at the surface. This report provides a set of guidelines on what size selectivity that can be expected for cod in square mesh codends with various mesh sizes, mesh openness's and mesh states. These design guides are intended to support fishermen, authorities and fishing gear technologists regarding choice of codend design for demersal seining targeting cod in different situations.




  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 225193
  • The Norwegian Seafood Research Fund / 900861




  • Bent Herrmann
  • Roger B. Larsen
  • Manu Berrondo Sistiaga
  • Nina Madsen
  • Karl Gunnar Aarsæther
  • Eduardo Grimaldo
  • Olafur Arnar Ingolfsson


  • SINTEF Ocean / Fisheries and New Biomarine Industry
  • UiT The Arctic University of Norway
  • Unknown




Sintef rapport



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