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Simulation and evaluation of CO2 heat pump system with energy storage for ZEB

Abstract

Reduced energy consumption is one of the most cost effective ways of reducing CO2 emissions for
combustion of fossil fuels. Residential buildings must become more energy efficient according to the Energy
Performance in Buildings Directive (EPBD). The demands for domestic hot water have become more
significant. Therefore the share of domestic hot water (DHW) in high insulated houses constitutes an
increasing share of total heating demand.
For DHW and space heating purpose CO2 tripartite gas cooler heat pumps are among the most efficient
systems. Due to heat rejection at different temperature levels a large enthalpy difference and low compressor
power input is achieved. A dynamic model for a CO2 heat pump system combined with energy storage (by
means of ice) for a zero emission building (ZEB) has been developed. The goal of the simulation is the
optimization of the heat pump and of its operational modes. Copyright © 2014 IIR/IIF. All rights reserved

Category

Academic chapter/article/Conference paper

Language

English

Affiliation

  • SINTEF Energy Research

Year

2014

Publisher

International Institute of Refrigeration

Book

3rd IIR International Conference on Sustainability and the Cold Chain 23rd 24th and 25th June 2014, St Mary’s University, Twickenham, London, UK

Issue

2014-1

ISBN

978‐2‐36215‐003‐6

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