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A Method to Estimate the Necessary Twist Pitch in Multi-filamentary Superconductors

Abstract

Twisting of multi-filamentary superconductors is an important step in the development of wires with AC losses at an acceptable level for AC applications. The necessary twist pitch depends on wire architecture, critical current density, matrix material, and external factors such as temperature, frequency and applied magnetic field. The development of an AC optimized MgB2 superconductor would be facilitated by a fast method to set the requirements for the twist pitch. A problem often encountered when comparing wires with different twist pitches is the degradation in critical current occurring at small twist pitches due to mechanical deformation. In this work we propose to use a non-twisted conductor to estimate the influence of twisting on the AC losses. A long superconductor is cut into smaller lengths, each simulating one third of the twist pitch, and the AC losses due to applied magnetic fields are compared between samples of different lengths. With this method, the effect of reducing the size of the loop of the coupling currents is studied without changing the superconducting parameters. AC loss measurement results are presented for a round titanium matrix MgB2 wire with simulated twist pitches between 9 mm and 87 mm.

Category

Academic article

Client

  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 193823

Language

English

Author(s)

Affiliation

  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Elkraftteknologi
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Energisystemer

Year

2014

Published in

Journal of Physics: Conference Series (JPCS)

ISSN

1742-6588

Publisher

IOP Publishing

Volume

507

Issue

2

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