To main content

A combined experimental and quantum chemical study of CO2 adsorption in the metal-organic framework CPO-27 with different metals

Abstract

A first principles study of CO2 adsorption is presented for a group of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) known as CPO-27-M, where M = Mg, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn. These materials consist of one-dimensional channels with a high concentration of open metal sites and have been identified as among the most promising MOFs for CO2 capture. In addition, extensive, high-pressure, experimental adsorption results are reported for CO2, CH4, and N2 at temperatures ranging from 278 K to 473 K. Isosteric heats of adsorption were calculated from the variable-temperature isotherms. The binding energies of CO2 calculated using an MP2-based QM/MM method are in good agreement with those obtained from experiments. The relative CO2 binding strengths for the different transition metals can be explained by the relative strength of electrostatic interactions caused by the effective charge of the metal atom in the direction of the open metal site induced by incomplete screening of 3d electrons. The Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu versions of CPO-27 are predicted to be anti-ferromagnetic in their ground states. Selectivities for CO2 over CH4 or N2 were calculated from the experimental isotherms using ideal adsorbed solution theory.

Category

Academic article

Client

  • Research Council of Norway (RCN) / 190340

Language

English

Author(s)

  • Decai Yu
  • A. Ozqur Yazaydin
  • Joseph R. Lane
  • Pascal D.C. Dietzel
  • Randall Q. Snurr

Affiliation

  • Northwestern University
  • University of Surrey
  • The University of Waikato
  • University of Bergen
  • SINTEF Industry

Year

2013

Published in

Chemical Science

ISSN

2041-6520

Publisher

Royal Society of Chemistry

Volume

4

Issue

9

Page(s)

3544 - 3556

View this publication at Cristin