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Configuration and model order selection of frequency-dependent π-models for representing dc-cables in small-signal eigenvalue analysis of HVDC transmission systems

Configuration and model order selection of frequency-dependent π-models for representing dc-cables in small-signal eigenvalue analysis of HVDC transmission systems

Category
Journal publication
Abstract
Eigenvalue-based analysis of small-signal dynamics in High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) transmission systems requires cable models that are compatible with a state-space representation. While distributed parameter models accounting for frequency-dependent effects are inherently incompatible with a state-space representation, a conventional π-model can only represent the cable behavior accurately at a single frequency. Instead, a Frequency-Dependent π-model (FD-π), consisting of a lumped circuit representation with multiple parallel RL-branches in each π-section can be utilized to reproduce the frequency-dependency of the cable characteristics in a specified frequency range. Based on an evaluation of relevant error metrics for FD-π models, this paper demonstrates how the number of sections and the number of parallel branches in each section will influence the accuracy. From this starting point, an optimization algorithm for identifying the configuration that fulfills specified accuracy requirements with the lowest possible model order is introduced. A similar algorithm for identifying the most accurate FD-π model within a specified maximum model order is also proposed. Numerical results for different cable lengths and cross sections are presented to highlight their effect on the model, and it is demonstrated how the cable model configuration can influence the results from small-signal eigenvalue analysis of an HVDC transmission system.
Client
  • Norges forskningsråd / 215942
  • Norges forskningsråd / 268053
Language
English
Author(s)
Affiliation
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Energisystemer
  • University of Leuven
Year
2020
Published in
IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics
ISSN
2168-6777