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Cavities in mass-impregnated HVDC subsea cables studied by AC partial discharge measurements

Cavities in mass-impregnated HVDC subsea cables studied by AC partial discharge measurements

Category
Journal publication
Abstract
Partial discharge measurements have been used for studying shrinkage voids in the insulation of mass-impregnated high voltage DC subsea power cables. Three 4.5-m long cable samples were subjected to ac partial discharge measurements at different ambient temperatures, both under isothermal conditions and after load current turnoffs. Two distinctly different phase resolved partial discharge patterns were observed, suggesting that two different "types" of cavities were created. The type causing by far the most powerful discharges appeared a few hours into the cooling period after load turn-off, which coincides in time with when load cycling breakdowns during type testing usually occur. Current loading has a significant effect on the cavities, as it leaves them – at least temporary – with a different dielectric strength afterwards. The mechanisms behind this change are not identified, but the associated time constants are of the order of days and weeks. Consequently, accurately determining the limitations of such cables with regard to their ability to withstand polarity reversals and rapid load changes may be more complicated than previously assumed.
Client
  • Norges forskningsråd / 208726
  • Norges forskningsråd / 256505
Language
English
Affiliation
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Elkraftteknologi
Year
2019
Published in
IEEE transactions on dielectrics and electrical insulation
ISSN
1070-9878
Volume
26
Issue
3
Page(s)
913 - 921