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Study of a full scale oxy-fuel cement rotary kiln

Study of a full scale oxy-fuel cement rotary kiln

Category
Journal publication
Abstract
Oxy-fuel combustion has been shown to be an attractive technology to be implemented in cement production with CO2 capture from a process point of view. Due to the market situations and future perspectives it is necessary that the technology can be retrofitted into existing plants. As part of the H2020 EU project CEMCAP, the study presented here investigates the retrofitting of oxy-fuel combustion technology on a typical full-scale cement rotary kiln of 3000 ton/year clinker capacity. The flame generated by a commercial burner has been modelled by CFD with a seven steps combustion reaction model, the k-omega SST turbulence model, and the discrete ordinates radiation model with the Weighted Sum Grey Gas model. The burner is composed of an annular outlet where coal is fed and nozzles from which angled high velocity jets generate a swirling motion for flame stabilization and mixing purposes. As in all rotary cement kilns, a high temperature low velocity secondary oxidizer stream coming from the clinker cooler flows coaxially to the burner in the kiln for heat efficiency purposes. A flame developing in air has been used as a reference case and several oxy-fuel flames have been characterized and compared. The oxy-fuel inlet parameters that are varied in the study are the oxidizer composition and flow rates in both the primary and secondary streams. The work presented is part of an optimization procedure based on iterative interaction with the process modelling of the whole cement plant with full oxy-fuel capture (not presented in this article). With retrofit application in mind, the objective was to reproduce a heat radiation profile to the clinker equivalent to that obtained in the air reference case. The optimized oxy-fuel case is characterized by a primary burner oxidizer of lower flow rate, but with higher oxygen concentration of up to 52.1% to generate the necessary heat in the near burner region.
Client
  • EC/H2020 / 641185
Language
English
Affiliation
  • SINTEF Energy Research / Termisk energi
Year
2019
Published in
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
ISSN
1750-5836
Volume
83
Page(s)
166 - 175