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Current status of deepwater oil spill modelling in the Faroe-Shetland Channel, Northeast Atlantic, and future challenges

Current status of deepwater oil spill modelling in the Faroe-Shetland Channel, Northeast Atlantic, and future challenges

Category
Academic literature review
Abstract
Globally, the projected increase in sea surface temperature is expected to facilitate large changes in the marine food web, affect coastal communities, marine ecosystem goods and services, global fisheries, tourism, aquaculture and others. This ongoing change takes place on different time scales, and coincides with increasing global demand for seafood, a growing middle class, and expectations of future need for food security from the marine sector. This article contributes to advances in climate change research by exploring, within the context of the results of the viewExposed program for assessing Integrated Vulnerabilities in different municipalities in Norway, to what extent stakeholders in different industries are willing to accept, or expect to be able to adapt to, these new realities. This was investigated through stakeholder driven workshops with stakeholders from maritime industries, commercial fisheries, tourism and aquaculture in Norway using the conceptual modeling tools of systems thinking and Bayesian Belief Networks. Results showed that commercial fishers are worried about quota allocations with changes in fish distribution. The aquaculture industry was worried about allocations of new areas for industry expansion in contested areas in Northern Norway, and the tourism industry was worried about changes in communications (transport) in light of a changing climate. Only the commercial fishers perceived that their adaptive capacity was low in light of these changes, especially the small-scale coastal fishers. This was because they expected the combination between increased power of the aquaculture industry and new species requiring expensive quotas would be too critical.
Client
  • Other / NOFO: OLJEDRIFT BEREDSKAP.
  • Other / NOFO: oljedrift beredskap.
Language
English
Author(s)
  • Alejandro Gallego
  • Rory B. O'Hara Murray
  • Barbara Berx
  • William R. Turrell
  • Cynthia Juyne Beegle-Krause
  • Mark Inall
  • Toby Sherwin
  • John R. Siddorn
  • Sarah L. Wakelin
  • Vasyl Vlasenko
  • Lars R Hole
  • Knut-Frode Dagestad
  • John Rees
  • Lucy Short
  • Petter Rønningen
  • Charlotte E. Main
  • Sebastien Legrand
  • Tony Gutierrez
  • Ursula Witte
  • Nicole Mulanaphy
Affiliation
  • Marine Scotland Science
  • SINTEF Ocean / Miljø og nye ressurser
  • Scottish Association for Marine Science
  • Met Office
  • National Oceanography Centre
  • University of Plymouth
  • Norwegian Meteorological Institute (MET Norway)
  • Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science
  • United Kingdom
  • University of Southampton
  • Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences
  • Heriot-Watt University
  • University of Aberdeen
  • USA
Year
2018
Published in
Marine Pollution Bulletin
ISSN
0025-326X
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
127
Page(s)
484 - 504