In recent years, several methods for streamline-based history matching have been developed. These methods have proved to be efficient for three reasons: First, streamlines delineate flow patterns and can therefore be used to define reduced inverse models. Second, streamline methods provide fast forward simulation. Third, streamline-based sensitivities can be evaluated directly based on one flow simulation for different reservoir responses. We here give a literature review of streamline-based sensitivities and streamline methods used for history matching.