Future generations of electric vehicles (EVs) require a scalable, layered architecture addressing different system aspects such as scalable modules, uniform communication, and hardware (HW) and software (SW) architectures. This will reduce the number of electronic control units as well as the variety of communication, sensor data fusion and charging infrastructure interfaces. The architecture is based on distributed processing with novel propulsion systems and electronic control units implemented as embedded systems containing HW and SW algorithms. Sensing, actuation, signal processing and computing devices are embedded in the electronic equipment, motors, batteries and the mechanical components. This paper presents the current advances in novel EV architectures based on embedded computing devices, communication systems and management algorithms.